Note from the Dean 10/14

Cooper-Wilson Center for the Life Sciences

Cooper-Wilson Center for the Life Sciences

As Dean of the School of Sciences, it is my great pleasure to work with so many fine and dedicated teachers.  I have enjoyed working these many years at CBU because CBU values good teaching and attracts good teachers.

One of my main jobs as dean is to try to evaluate the teaching of the Sciences’ faculty.  I have found this to be very tricky.  Do I reward effort?  As a teacher, I only reward the performance of my students.  I encourage my students to do the work and say that good performance requires work. But to perform well requires effective work by the student, not just any type of work.  As a teacher, I try to design work for students that will effectively lead them to understand the course material.  As dean, I do try to recognize the work that faculty members put into their courses, but is it effective work?

Now comes the question of how to judge teaching performance.  I’m not an expert in all of the areas of physics, much less all of the areas of science and mathematics.  We have student evaluations of every course every semester, but are the students experts in judging teacher performance?  In some respects, I would say yes – an enjoyable course is usually an effective course.  Most students do want to learn and do appreciate when they seem to actually learn.  In other respects, I would say no – an enjoyable course does not necessarily mean the course accomplished its goals.  Further, do students accurately realize how much (or how little) they have learned?  If teaching is done well, students often think that what they have learned they already knew since one of the great arts of teaching is having students discover things on their own.

Overall, though, it is easy to see how well the Sciences’ faculty do their work when we look at the successes our graduates have obtained.  I hope this newsletter shows you some of those successes.

News of the Moment 10/14

Andrew proposing

Andrew proposing

J. Andrew Aristorenas, Biology 2015, announces his engagement to Katie Forsythe.  The picture was taken on July 4, 2014 at Tybee Island in Savannah, Georgia. They plan on getting married summer 2015 and have dated for 5 years.

Joanna ArnettBiochemistry 2015, has been accepted into the 2015 entering class of the University of Tennessee School of Pharmacy in Memphis, Tennessee.

Christian Brothers University (CBU) will honor Michael Pohlman as its 2014 Distinguished Alumnus and Analice Sowell, Chemistry 2002 & MAT 2005, as the Distinguished Young Alumna at its 3rd Annual Bell Tower Gala on Saturday, November 15.  Congratulations to Michael and Analice!

Dr. James Moore, Assistant Professor of Biology, is one of the principle investigators on a grant:  ”Ranavirus Monitoring at Big Lake NWR and Wapanocca NWR with Analysis of Agriculture-Induced Aquatic Contamination as a Predictor for Disease Dynamics”, PI’s are Shane Hanlon & James Moore.  What are Ranaviruses? Ranaviruses are extremely lethal to herptiles and have been attributed to mass die-offs throughout the U.S.  Recent studies show that this emerging pathogen frequently persists in herptile populations between die-offs and also that its prevalence varies seasonally, usually peaking in the spring. The monitoring objectives are to determine the following: 1) the overall prevalence and species specificity of ranavirus in turtle populations at Big Lake NWR and Wapanocca NWR, 2) identify ranavirus infection prevalence differences between habitat types, 3) identify types and prevalence of pesticides within each habitat, and 4) document how the presence of pesticides alter ranavirus infections in turtles and if such interactions vary seasonally.  This project will involve the Fall 2014 Ecology course for data collection in November and the Wetland Ecology course in the Spring of 2015.

CBU alum, Catherine Gluszek, presenting at the SMACS meeting last month.

CBU alum, Catherine Gluszek, presenting at the SMACS meeting last month.

At the September 25, 2014, meeting of The Christian Brothers University Student Members of the American Chemical Society (CBU SMACS), Catherine Gluszek, Biochemistry 2012, pictured on the left, presented an interesting talk titled “How Harry Potter Can Help You Get into Medical School”.  Using the Harry Potter books as a running theme, she described what students need to do to be competitive in the Medical School Application process.

Mock Interviewers at the Beta Beta Beta event.

Mock Interviewers at the Beta Beta Beta event.

On October 2, Beta Beta Beta, the Biology student honor society/club, held its annual Mock Interviews. The event was organized by Nuti Desai and Megan Huynh with assistance from Dr. Mary Ogilvie, Professor of Biology. There were 7 interviewers from various professions, many of which are alumni from CBU. Professions of the interviewers ranged from veterinarian, and dentistry, to physical therapy, M.D.’s and Physician’s Assistants. There were 12 students who interviewed this year: JD Wolfe, Brent Mcglaughin,Benjamin Kueter, Darianne Butler, Prakruthi Phanira, Damian Kaminski, Andrew Aristoneras, Joseph Krebs, Nirali Patel, Patricia Brownsberger, and Brittany Burton. Thanks to all the students and alumni who took the time out of their very busy lives and participated in this important and successful event.  Interviewers (in no particular order): Dr. Yelena Lapova, Biology 2000, veterinarian; Dr. Jarad Braddy, Biology 2000, dentist; Dr. Christina Brown Tran, Biology 2006, M.D; Dr. Jana Pierini Robinson , Biology 2002, M.D; Dr. Jennifer Hendricks, Biology 2006, D.O.; Ms. Michelle Graves, physical therapy; Dr. Mark Scott, physician’s assistant; and Drs. Ogilvie and Fitzgerald, Professors of Biology.

Dr. Mark Scott, CBU's PA Director, presents at the SMACS meeting.

Dr. Mark Scott, CBU’s PA Director, presents at the SMACS meeting.

At the October 6, 2014, meeting of the CBU SMACS chemistry club, Dr. Mark Scott (pictured on the left), Director of the Physician Assistant Studies Program at CBU, gave an informative talk describing background preparation and the application process for Physician Assistant School, as well as various aspects of the Physician Assistant Program.

Mr. Mark Page (left) and Tony Chen (right) are shown holding the plaques they received at the Awards Dinner

Mr. Mark Page (left) and Tony Chen (right) are shown holding the plaques they received at the Awards Dinner.

On October 6, 2014, the CBU Department of Chemistry hosted the Awards Dinner for the top scoring high School students on the 2014 Memphis Section Local Examination for the Chemistry Olympiad and the 2014 Memphis Section Annual High School Competitive Examination.  The dinner is an annual event sponsored by the Memphis Section of the American Chemical Society.  The 10 top scoring students on the Local Examination for the Chemistry Olympiad were invited back to the CBU campus to take the National Chemistry Olympiad Examination on April 26, 2014.  Tony Chen from Lausanne Collegiate School received a Honors ranking on the National Examination, indicating that he scored among the top 158 students who took the examination.  Both he and his chemistry teacher, Mr. Mark Page, were presented with plaques at the Awards Dinner recognizing this achievement.  For more information about either the Chemistry Olympiad or the Memphis Section Annual High School Competitive Examination, please contact the Memphis section Olympiad Coordinator Dr. Dennis Merat at .


Upcoming Events 10/14

Mid-terms are this week, and Fall Break is next week (10/19 – 10/25).

Christian Brothers University Student Members of the American Chemical Society (CBU SMACS) plan to host a number of events to celebrate National Chemistry Week October 19-26, beginning with our annual Mole Day Dinner at the Spaghetti Warehouse at 6:02 pm on October 23, 2014.  Since National Chemistry Week falls on Fall Break this year, we plan to host most of our events during the week following Fall Break; and these events are listed below

  •                 October 27 – Gummi Bear Sacrifice in AH204
  •                 October 28 – Diet Coke and Mentos in front of Cooper-Wilson
  •                 October 29 – Elephant Toothpaste Demo in the lobby outside AH153/AH155
  •                 October 30 – Demomania in AH155
  •                 October 31 – Foaming Pumpkins in the lobby of Cooper Wilson

Alumni News 10/14

Jeremy Todd Armstrong, Esq.  Biology 2008, has passed the bar.  Jeremy received his J.D. degree from Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law, class or 2014.

Yuan (Eva) Chen, Biochemistry, 2014, was accepted into the 2014 entering class of the Master of Cytopathology Practice (MCP) Degree Program in the College of Allied Health Sciences at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tennessee.  She was awarded the University of Tennessee A&D Chancellor Scholarship, named after Andrew D. Holt who was a former president of the University of Tennessee.

Lorrainee Delgado with her fiance', Javier Santiago

Lorrainee Delgado with her fiance’, Javier Santiago

Lorainne Delgado, Natural Science 2002 & MHIRT 2001, announced her engagement to Javier Santiago.  He popped the question after a romantic balloon ride at sunset.  She is currently a quality control biochemist at GSK in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.

Lauren D’Surney, Biomedical Science 2013, and Xinyu von Buttlar, Biochemistry 2011, have just started the M.S. in Pharmacology program at UTHSC.

Catherine Gluszek, Biochemistry 2011, and Austin Gooch, Mechanical Engineering 2011, were married on Saturday, October 5, 2014.

Jessica Green, Biochemistry 2013, is teaching high school chemistry at Arlington High School.

Captain Whitney Heath Vickery, Biology 2008, DMV 2012,  and her husband, Stephen, announce the birth of their son, Eliott Luther Vickery.  Whitney and Stephen are in the army and currently stationed in Misawa Air Base in Japan.

Dr. Rob Kissell, Biology 1986, accepted a position with Tennessee Tech University that began in August. He is the Chair of the Biology Department.

Bobby and his fiancee'

Bobby and his fiancee’

Bobby Lawrence, Biology 2007, announced his engagement to Jessie Barton.  Bobby is currently  a medical student at Dubusk College of Osteopathic Medicine.

Ashley Miller, M.S., Biology 2006, is currently at the University of Memphis working for the Center for Research in Educational Policy as a research associate.  She just published her first journal article:  Identifying Predictors for Children Witnessing Intimate Partner Violence, in J of Family Violence (2014) 29:675-679.  Simonne S. Nouer & SeèTrail N. Mackey & Nathan G. Tipton & Ashley C. Miller  & Pamela D. Connor.

Lauryn Murphy, Biology 2013, was accepted to the CBU Physician Assistant program.

Luanzo Lung’Aho, Chemistry 2012, is teaching high school chemistry at Frazier High School.

Mallori's daughter's first steps ... to meet her dad

Mallori’s daughter’s first steps … to meet her dad

Mallori Poff Longhridge, Biology 2006 & Baptist School of Nursing 2011, is a nurse at Lebonheur Children’s Hospital.  Her daughter, Amelia, met her dad, Scott, for the first time because she was born during his deployment.

Dr. Brent Prentiss, Biology 2006, graduated from Tennessee State University in Physical Therapy (2014) and was recently married to Dana Marie Hinton.  The couple is back in Memphis from Nashville and Brent is currently interviewing for jobs and expects a position shortly.

Rachel Reese Covington presenting her poster.

Rachel Reese Covington presenting her poster.

Rachael Reese Covington, M.S., Biomedical Science 2012, presented a poster as part of her M.S. thesis work.  It was at the National Society of Genetic Counselors, and is entitled: “Implementation of Crisis Intervention Training in Genetic Counseling Training Programs”.

Cameron Volpe with her poster

Cameron Volpe with her poster

Cameron Volpe, Biology 2013, currently a student at the Mississippi State University College of Veterinary Medicine, had an abstract accepted for publication in the veterinary student online journal, The Vet Gazette, Volume 50 Issue 3. Cameron conducted a project this summer at Mississippi State entitled “Thermal imaging assessments of body temperature in the equine eye, muzzle, and coronary band,” and presented a poster at the 2014 Merial-NIH Veterinary Scholars Symposium at Cornell University this July.



Featured Alum: Dr. Jeff Brown, Biology 1997

This article is based on an e-mail to Dr. Malinda Fitzgerald from Dr. Jeff Brown, Biology 1997.

Dr. Jeff Brown

Dr. Jeff Brown

Dr. Fitz!

Hey good to hear from you.  I am glad you are teaching still at CBU.  The students value greatly from your presence.  I have been to the campus there to take my little ones for trick or treat, so I have seen some of the new buildings and so forth – really nice.  It seems like yesterday that I was in lab there with you but in fact, it has been 16 years!!  Time flys – truly.  You know I never got accepted to UT.  I ended up going to D.O. school in Kansas City.  I excelled there graduating in the top 10% of the class.  I felt a bit cheated that I did not get into UT.  That actually turned into a good thing – I am very competitive and hate to lose.  Lack of acceptance to MD school made me try even harder.  I scored in the 99th percentile on USMLE step 1 and 95th for Step 2.  I was made chief resident during my Anesthesia residency and got all kinds of great experience.  I went right to work at UAB doing general Anesthesia and then did a fellowship in Cardiac Anesthesia and TEE.  After several years there, I moved back to Memphis.

I said all this to point out that if someone REALLY wants to be a Doctor, then D.O. school is a good option.  I have NEVER had any trouble with credentialing, getting a job, pay or anyone questioning my skill/training.  Having said that—I would not encourage anyone to go into medicine now.  Things have changed so much since I started – declining reimbursement, sicker patients, greater government control-etc. The hours are hard and long. They do not stop when you get out in practice. 60-80 hour work weeks are the norm.  BUT I am very happy. I have great job satisfaction.  I am the only Doctor in my practice able to do Transesophageal Echocardiography.  Because of my background I am part of a select team that does a procedure called TAVR, transaortic valve replacement.  We replace people’s stenotic aortic valves percutaneously, through the femoral artery.  With the TEE I guide the valve to proper position.  We were the first team in TN to do this.  We were selected last year as “Healthcare Heros” and honored from great medical innovation by the Memphis Business Journal.

I married Debbie Conti (I doubt you would know her since she was not a sciences major)  We have two sons, Parker and Connor.  Overall, I have been very successful – but it has been more work than I could have imagined. I thank you very much for all the help you gave me while I was at CBU.  You were a great mentor and friend to me.  I wish you all the best.


Minority Health International Research Training Program Positions Students for Future Success

by Jayanni Webster, MHIRT Program Assistant

CBU prides itself on effective and enjoyable teaching. An integral part of such teaching is having students perform research internships. There are different ways for students to perform their research: with a CBU professor, a researcher at another local institution such as St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC), or with a researcher participating in grant funded research in the U.S.

Participants in the 2014 MHIRT projects presented the results from their summer international research experiences on September 27, 2014.

Participants in the 2014 MHIRT projects presented the results from their summer international research experiences on September 27, 2014.

In addition to the above opportunities, CBU is pleased to provide an excellent opportunity to do this research via Minority Health International Research Training (MHIRT) internships at sites in Brazil and Uganda. MHIRT is an innovative science and research initiative that provides funded summer research opportunities for students in basic science, public health education, and qualitative projects. Started in 2000, MHIRT is a major collaborative project involving CBU and other regional academic institutions. Because the program serves underrepresented students in these fields it offers these unique research experiences at no cost to individuals through an all-expenses paid stipend funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Dr. Malinda Fitzgerald, CBU Professor of Biology, and Dr. Julia HanebrinkPsych 2001,, Adjunct Lecturer of Anthropology at CBU and Assistant Professor at Rhodes College, co-direct the MHIRT Program. These faculty assist in the recruitment of students locally at their institutions. Students and faculty travel to these countries to conduct research on biomedical and behavioral health disparities in collaboration with leading scientists and researchers from foreign universities and community organizations. Approximately 15 students participate in this MHIRT program each year in the summer after having participated in preparation workshops—including language lessons—the prior spring.

This year, the National Institutes of Health renewed CBU’s MHIRT grant for five years. The grant funding of $1.3 million extends the MHIRT program through 2019. CBU’s program has been funded by NIH for 15 continuous years, and the successful renewal is largely due to efforts by Dr. Malinda Fitzgerald and Julia Hanebrink, pictured in the image above at far left and right respectively.

CBU student Daryl Stephens (Psych ’14), poses with Susan, secretary, finance and liaisons officer at the Ishaka Health Plan where she did research on Community-Based Health Financing in Uganda

CBU student Daryl Stephens (Psych ’14), poses with Susan, secretary, finance and liaisons officer at the Ishaka Health Plan where she did research on Community-Based Health Financing in Uganda

Malinda Fitzgerald and Julia Hanebrink are the amazing co-directors of this one-of-a-kind program, unique in its focus on both biomedical and qualitative research training. MHIRT has provided life-changing experiences for many, many students who otherwise would not have access to international travel or global health research opportunities. I am so grateful to have been able to return to Uganda with MHIRT participants in 2013 and 2014. I am thrilled that future students will continue to benefit from the momentum of the MHIRT program.” – Susannah Acuff, MHIRT Alum and 2014 Uganda Site Director

But the success of the program cannot solely be summed up in the grant renewal, but in its immediate impact on students.  Hope Npimnee , who participated research in Brazil this summer, had this reflection to share:  “I realize now, that when I applied to this program I was making a bold statement: I want to give myself the opportunity of a lifetime to grow both scientifically and personally. Reflecting on my experience in Brazil, nothing could be truer about that statement. I feel immensely more prepared for the medical school application process. But in addition to this, I feel more prepared to do what is needed of every global citizen by simply being more aware and open to cross-cultural interactions.

The most wonderful things happen as a result of these summer research experiences. Students go on to graduate programs in dentistry, medicine, anthropology, epidemiology, public health, and biological sciences. Some dedicate their lives to helping others by setting up non-profit organizations, or working with the foreign sites. All continue to be globally involved. You can read about the 2014 students’ wonderful, life-changing experiences at the new MHIRT Blog. Deadline for applications for summer 2015 is December 19 (early bird) and January 2 (final deadline). For more information, visit the MHIRT website.

New Biology Internships

By Malinda E. C. Fitzgerald, Ph.D., Professor of Biology

Chawan Rasheed presenting her experiences to Beta Beta  Beta

Chawan Rasheed presenting her experiences to Beta Beta Beta

Beginning in 2014 the biology department began to offer a course called Special Topics in Biology: Professional Internship.  This internship is arranged through the Career Center Director, Ms. Amy Ware.  Students have taken this class for 1-3 credits and it is a pass/fail class.  Depending on the number of credits a student signs up for, the hours a student spends at the establishment and the requirements vary.  A student can spend from 4-12 hours/week at their internship.  By definition an internship only benefits the student and not the establishment.  There are many internships, mostly dealing with heath care, such as:  Campbell Clinic, LeBonheur, Ortho Memphis, Regional One, Jones Clinic, and Southern College of Optometry.  Internships can also be arranged in basic science laboratories such as Vascular Biology; however, those are more often independent research projects.

Elton Banks was nominated by his mentors at Jones Clinic and received the Intern of the Year award last spring. Chawan Rasheed completed her internship this semester by presenting her experiences at Southern College of Optometry to Beta Beta Beta in a club meeting this past September (see the image above).  Currently Dr. Malinda Fitzgerald is the faculty member in charge of the interns, once Ms. Ware has approved the student.  If you are interested please contact the career center and see what internships interest you (  A student may do one 3 credit or multiple ones not to exceed 3 credit hours.

Thank You Note to Br. Joel Baumeyer

To: Joel Baumeyer

Subject: Tutors

My name is Carolyn Kelly. This message is regarding your tutors. I would like to commend two of your tutors, Daniel and Andrew. They really helped me. I took math 104 this summer and was able to pass the course with their help. I am an RN in the RN to BSN program. This is the last class I needed to get my degree. These young men are simply GREAT!!!!!!! Daniel and Andrew even stayed past their assigned time to make sure that I understood the material. I felt like I was asking dumb questions and they would always assure me that no question is a dumb question. I must say, these young men will make excellent teachers. You see, I graduated from high school in 1967, and going back to school was a challenge at age 63 and completing the course at age 65. In addition to that, I am a wife, mother and grandmother and held a full time job. Again, thank you for Andrew and Daniel.

Carolyn Kelly, RN, BSN

Featured Department: Biology 10/14

Freshmen Biology students are welcomed by the faculty and upper classmen.

Freshmen Biology students are welcomed by the faculty and upper classmen.

The Biology Department is one of the most popular departments at CBU. The department serves 144 majors (82 biology, 60 biomedical science, and 2 ecology) as well as other science and engineering majors (32 biochemistry, 35 natural science, 11 chemistry, and a few chemical engineering students also taking biology classes). The department has an excellent record of preparing students for medical school and other health related professional schools. A second area of growing strength is in the ecology area with our ecology degree we instituted last year. In addition to the health and the ecology/environmental areas, there have been several other disciplines and graduate programs that students with biology degrees have chosen to pursue as careers (Ph.D., M.S., governmental positions).

Ecology Field Trip

Ecology Field Trip

One of the strengths of the Biology Department, like all departments at CBU, is the caring nature of its faculty. That care for the students shows up in many forms, both formally in lecture, lab and field trips, and informally in their interactions with students in the hall, in the office, and in the Beta Beta Beta student honor society, with Dr. Mary Ogilvie as the faculty sponsor. Dr. Sandra Thompson-Jaeger is the department chair. She is promoting the Public Health concentration, as well as teaching Genetics and Microbiology. While Br. Edward has retired, he is still on campus and teaches BIOL 346 Evolution and BIOL 394 Dendrology. Dr. Stan Eisen is the Director of the Pre-Health Program and works very hard to give CBU students the best opportunity to succeed in a very competitive field. He arranges for visitors to campus to talk to students concerning careers, and several other pre-health events. He also assists via individual counseling and via his web pages as well as the Caduceus newsletters. Dr. Eisen also takes students as an option in some of his classes to the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Biloxi, Mississippi, with other biology faculty, to give CBU students a coastal field experience.

Dr. Sauser’s Biol 112 lab.  Students are identifying tiny organisms living in mini aquaria that fit on the microscope stage

Dr. Sauser’s Biol 112 lab. Students are identifying tiny organisms living in mini aquaria that fit on the microscope stage

Dr. Anna Ross is the departmental webmaster and is famous for her web pages that support the students in their learning, and keeping everyone up to date through the biology list. Dr. Mary Ogilvie teaches the honors Principles of Biology sections and directs the BIOL 362, Biology Seminar. This course prepares students for their senior research. Dr. Malinda Fitzgerald supports the students through placement in lab positions in their senior research projects locally as well as international research opportunities through the MHIRT program (featured earlier in this newsletter). Dr. Katie Sauser teaches a variety of courses, including Toxicology and Pharmacology, and is the department’s safety officer. Dr. James Moore has involved several students on projects ranging from exotic invasive tree competition to detection of Chytrid fungus on amphibians. Dr. Moore has received a grant (see News of the Moment section earlier) with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to examine the effects of pesticides on ranavirus prevalence in Chelonids (turtles).  Ms. Lynda Miller is an integral part of the department, serving to coordinate the laboratory preparations, overseeing the work-study students, and teaching courses pertinent to the Ecology degree program.  She has also served as a mentor for some on campus projects and the Natural Science Thesis class.

Dr. Fitzgerald’s Biol 111 lab.  Students are characterizing chlorophyll pigments  (Dr. Fitzgerald’s distinctive hair is because it is “Think Pink” week at CBU for breast cancer awareness and education)

Dr. Fitzgerald’s Biol 111 lab. Students are characterizing chlorophyll pigments (Dr. Fitzgerald’s distinctive hair is because it is “Think Pink” week at CBU for breast cancer awareness and education)

Another major strength of the department is its commitment to making the science real to its students. Science, and biology in particular, is image oriented. To make the subject real and visual, the department has developed labs to accompany most of its courses, and it has developed web resources that are image intensive. There are 36 biology lecture classes and 24 of them have labs attached!  In addition to the regular courses taught in biology, adjunct professors frequently teach special topics classes. This semester, Br. Tom Sullivan is teaching the BIOL 303 Algae, Fungi and Lichens. This summer he assisted Lynda Miller in mentoring three high school students doing lichen research for the Research and Engineering Apprenticeship Program (R.E.A.P.) He is also Director of Campus Ministry and does Vocation/Formation work for the Brothers.

Dr. Moore working with Ecology lab students

Dr. Moore working with Ecology lab students

An important component of any science education is research. Research gives motivation and context to the work done in lecture and lab. In the CBU Biology Department, research is interwoven into the curriculum. It starts with a discussion section in the freshmen Principles of Biology courses (BIOL 111 & 112). Several courses have small research components in them or research papers to prepare students for writing their original research. Biology Seminar in the junior year is when students see presentations made by area researchers and helps them in choosing a senior internship project. The culmination is the capstone three-semester series of Senior Research. Students conduct research with either local researchers at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, the University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, the Memphis Zoo, through the MHIRT program (featured earlier in this newsletter), clinical facilities or with CBU faculty. Students present their research at local, regional or national scientific meetings. Many of our students have won awards for their research, and a number have had their research published in peer-reviewed articles over the last ten years.

Biol 217 lab

The A&P students are starting their study of human muscles by building muscles in clay to better understand muscle attachments and actions.

The results of a CBU biology degree, and with any of the CBU science degrees, are quite impressive.  The statistics for the past five years for acceptance into medical and other health professional schools remain well above national averages.